Associations between cytoplasmic and nuclear loci in hybridizing populations Journal Article

Author(s): Orive, Maria E; Barton, Nicholas H
Article Title: Associations between cytoplasmic and nuclear loci in hybridizing populations
Abstract: We extend current multilocus models to describe the effects of migration, recombination, selection, and nonrandom mating on sets of genes in diploids with varied modes of inheritance, allowing us to consider the patterns of nuclear and cytonuclear associations (disequilibria) under various models of migration. We show the relationship between the multilocus notation recently presented by Kirkpatrick, Johnson, and Barton (developed from previous work by Barton and Turelli) and the cytonuclear parameterization of Asmussen, Arnold, and Avise and extend this notation to describe associations between cytoplasmic elements and multiple nuclear genes. Under models with sexual symmetry, both nuclear-nuclear and cytonuclear disequilibria are equivalent. They differ, however, in cases involving some type of sexual asymmetry, which is then reflected in the asymmetric inheritance of cytoplasmic markers. An example given is the case of different migration rates in males and females; simulations using 2, 3, 4, or 5 unlinked autosomal markers with a maternally inherited cytoplasmic marker illustrate how nuclear-nuclear and cytonuclear associations can be used to separately estimate female and male migration rates. The general framework developed here allows us to investigate conditions where associations between loci with different modes of inheritance are not equivalent and to use this nonequivalence to test for deviations from simple models of admixture.
Journal Title: Genetics
Volume: 162
Issue 3
ISSN: 0016-6731
Publisher: Genetics Society of America  
Date Published: 2002-11-01
Start Page: 1469
End Page: 1485
Open access: no