Quantitative regional and ultra structural localization of the Ca v2 3 subunit of R type calcium channel in mouse brain Journal Article


Author(s): Parajuli, Laxmi K; Nakajima, Chikako; Kulik, Ákos; Matsui, Ko; Schneider, Toni; Shigemoto, Ryuichi; Fukazawa, Yugo
Article Title: Quantitative regional and ultra structural localization of the Ca v2 3 subunit of R type calcium channel in mouse brain
Affiliation
Abstract: R-type calcium channels (RTCCs) are well known for their role in synaptic plasticity, but little is known about their subcellular distribution across various neuronal compartments. Using subtype-specific antibodies, we characterized the regional and subcellular localization of Ca v2.3 in mice and rats at both light and electron microscopic levels. Ca v2.3 immunogold particles were found to be predominantly presynaptic in the interpeduncular nucleus, but postsynaptic in other brain regions. Serial section analysis of electron microscopic images from the hippocampal CA1 revealed a higher density of immunogold particles in the dendritic shaft plasma membrane compared with the pyramidal cell somata. However, the labeling densities were not significantly different among the apical, oblique, or basal dendrites. Immunogold particles were also observed over the plasma membrane of dendritic spines, including both synaptic and extrasynaptic sites. Individual spine heads contained <20 immunogold particles, with an average density of ~260 immunoparticles per μm 3 spine head volume, in accordance with the density of RTCCs estimated using calcium imaging (Sabatini and Svoboda, 2000). The Ca v2.3 density was variable among similar-sized spine heads and did not correlate with the density in the parent dendrite, implying that spines are individual calcium compartments operating autonomously from their parent dendrites.
Keywords: unclassified drug; calcium channel R type; calcium channel subunit 2.3; Cacna1e protein, mouse; cation transport protein; epitope; peptide
Journal Title: Journal of Neuroscience
Volume: 32
Issue 39
ISSN: 1529-2401
Publisher: Society for Neuroscience  
Date Published: 2012-09-26
Start Page: 13555
End Page: 13567
DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1142-12.2012
Open access: no