Cellular localization of GABA and GABAB receptor subunit proteins during spermiogenesis in rat testis Journal Article

Author(s): Kanbara, Kiyoto; Okamoto, Keiko; Nomura, Sakashi; Kaneko, Takeshi; Shigemoto, Ryuichi; Azuma, Haruhito; Katsuoka, Yoji; Watanabe, Masahiko
Article Title: Cellular localization of GABA and GABAB receptor subunit proteins during spermiogenesis in rat testis
Abstract: The GABAergic system, a major inhibitory regulator in the central nervous system, may also play important roles in peripheral nonneuronal tissues and cells. Recent studies showed that GABAB receptor is expressed in testis and sperm. To understand the role of the GABAergic system in spermiogenesis, we examined cellular localization of GABA and GABAB receptor subunits in rat spermatids by immunocytochemistry. Immunoreactivity for GABA was detected around acrosomal granules of spermatids during the Golgi and cap phases. GABAB(1) immunoreactivity was observed in the acrosomal vesicle of spermatids in Golgi phase, and during cap phase, this reactivity expanded to the entire region of the acrosome covering the nuclear membrane. The level of reactivity decreased gradually with maturation of spermatids. In contrast, GABAB(2) immunoreactivity was not observed in spermatids during Golgi phase but was detected in the equatorial region during cap phase. Both GABA immunoreactivity and GABAB(2) immunoreactivity were transferred to the residual cytoplasm during the release of spermatozoa. Electron microscopic immunocytochemistry revealed that, during cap phase, GABA and GABAB(1) were distributed within the whole acrosomal vesicle but not in the acrosomal granule. GABAB(2) immunoreactivity was observed in the narrow space between the inner acrosomal and nuclear membrane and was limited to the equatorial region of the spermatid head. These results indicate that the GABAergic system might be involved in regulation of spermiogenesis.
Keywords: Immunocytochemistry; Acrosome; GABAergic system; Spermatid
Journal Title: Journal of Andrology
Volume: 26
Issue 4
ISSN: 0196-3635
Publisher: American Society of Andrology  
Date Published: 2005-07-01
Start Page: 485
End Page: 493
DOI: 10.2164/jandrol.04185
Open access: no