Cell type dependence and variability in the short-term plasticity of EPSCs in identified mouse hippocampal interneurones Journal Article

Author(s): Losonczy, Attila; Zhang, Limei; Shigemoto, Ryuichi; Somogyi, Péter; Nusser, Zoltán
Article Title: Cell type dependence and variability in the short-term plasticity of EPSCs in identified mouse hippocampal interneurones
Abstract: Synapses exhibit different short-term plasticity patterns and this behaviour influences information processing in neuronal networks. We tested how the short-term plasticity of excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) depends on the postsynaptic cell type, identified by axonal arborizations and molecular markers in the hippocampal CA1 area. Three distinct types of short-term synaptic behaviour (facilitating, depressing and combined facilitating-depressing) were defined by fitting a dynamic neurotransmission model to the data. Approximately 75 % of the oriens-lacunosum-moleculare (O-LM) interneurones received facilitating EPSCs, but in three of 12 O-LM cells EPSCs also showed significant depression. Over 90 % of the O-LM cells were immunopositive for somatostatin and mGluR1α and all tested cells were decorated by strongly mGluR7a positive axon terminals. Responses in eight of 12 basket cells were described well with a model involving only depression, but the other cells displayed combined facilitating-depressing EPSCs. No apparent difference was found between the plasticity of EPSCs in cholecystokinin- or parvalbumin-containing basket cells. In oriens-bistratified cells (O-Bi), two of nine cells showed facilitating EPSCs, another two depressing, and the remaining five cells combined facilitating-depressing EPSCs. Seven of 10 cells tested for somatostatin were immunopositive, but mGluR1α was detectable only in two of 11 tested cells. Furthermore, most O-Bi cells projected to the CA3 area and the subiculum, as well as outside the hippocampal formation. Postsynaptic responses to action potentials recorded in vivo from a CA1 place cell were modelled, and revealed great differences between and within cell types. Our results demonstrate that the short-term plasticity of EPSCs is cell type dependent, but with significant heterogeneity within all three interneurone populations.
Keywords: Glutamate receptor; Cholecystokinin; Somatostatin; parvalbumin; molecular marker; receptor subtype
Journal Title: Journal of Physiology
Volume: 542
Issue 1
ISSN: 1469-7793
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell  
Date Published: 2002-07-01
Start Page: 193
End Page: 210
DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2002.020024
Open access: yes (repository)