Molecular characterization of a new metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR7 coupled to inhibitory cyclic AMP signal transduction Journal Article


Author(s): Okamoto, Naoyuki; Hori, Seiji; Akazawa, Chihiro; Hayashi, Yasunori; Shigemoto, Ryuichi; Mizuno, Noboru; Nakanishi, Shigetada
Article Title: Molecular characterization of a new metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR7 coupled to inhibitory cyclic AMP signal transduction
Affiliation
Abstract: A cDNA clone for a new rat metabotropic glutamate receptor termed mGluR7 was isolated through polymerase chain reaction-mediated DNA amplification by using primer sequences conserved among the metabotropic receptor (mGluR) family and by the subsequent screening of a rat forebrain cDNA library. The cloned mGluR7 subtype consists of 915 amino acid residues and exhibits a structural architecture common to the mGluR family with a large extracellular domain preceding the seven putative membrane-spanning domains. mGluR7 shows the highest sequence similarity to mGluR4 and mGluR6 among the members of the mGluR family. Similar to mGluR4 and mGluR6, mGluR7 inhibits forskolin- stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation in response to agonist interaction and potently reacts with L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate and L-serine-O-phosphate in Chinese hamster ovary cells transfected with the cloned cDNA. RNA blot and in situ hybridization analyses of mGluR7 mRNA indicated that it is widely expressed in many neuronal cells of the central nervous system and is thus different from the more limitedly expressed mGluR4 or mGluR6 mRNA. mGluR7 together with mGluR4 thus corresponds to the putative L-2-amino-4- phosphonobutyrate receptor which plays an important role in modulation of glutamate transmission in the central nervous system.
Keywords: Glutamic Acid; metabotropic receptor; cyclic AMP; forskolin; butyric acid derivative; complementary dna; messenger rna; phosphoserine
Journal Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume: 269
Issue 2
ISSN: 1083-351X
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology  
Date Published: 1994-01-14
Start Page: 1231
End Page: 1236
Open access: no