Auxin-modulated root growth inhibition in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings with ammonium as the sole nitrogen source Journal Article


Author(s): Yang, Huaiyu; Von Der Fecht-Bartenbach, Jenny; Friml, Jiří; Lohmann, Jan U; Neuhäuser, Benjamin; Ludewig, Uwe
Article Title: Auxin-modulated root growth inhibition in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings with ammonium as the sole nitrogen source
Affiliation IST Austria
Abstract: Ammonium is the major nitrogen source in some plant ecosystems but is toxic at high concentrations, especially when available as the exclusive nitrogen source. Ammonium stress rapidly leads to various metabolic and hormonal imbalances that ultimately inhibit root and shoot growth in many plant species, including Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. To identify molecular and genetic factors involved in seedling survival with prolonged exclusive NH4+ nutrition, a transcriptomic analysis with microarrays was used. Substantial transcriptional differences were most pronounced in (NH4)2SO4-grown seedlings, compared with plants grown on KNO3 or NH4NO3. Consistent with previous physiological analyses, major differences in the expression modules of photosynthesis-related genes, an altered mitochondrial metabolism, differential expression of the primary NH4+ assimilation, alteration of transporter gene expression and crucial changes in cell wall biosynthesis were found. A major difference in plant hormone responses, particularly of auxin but not cytokinin, was striking. The activity of the DR5::GUS reporter revealed a dramatically decreased auxin response in (NH4)2SO4-grown primary roots. The impaired root growth on (NH4)2SO4 was partially rescued by exogenous auxin or in specific mutants in the auxin pathway. The data suggest that NH4+-induced nutritional and metabolic imbalances can be partially overcome by elevated auxin levels.
Keywords: Nitrogen; Mitochondria; microarray; nitrate
Journal Title: Functional Plant Biology
Volume: 42
Issue 3
ISSN: 1445-4408
Publisher: CSIRO  
Date Published: 2015-01-01
Start Page: 239
End Page: 251
DOI: 10.1071/FP14171
Open access: no