Dynamical self consistency leads to behavioral development and emergent social interactions in robots Conference Paper

Author(s): Der, Ralf; Martius, Georg
Title: Dynamical self consistency leads to behavioral development and emergent social interactions in robots
Affiliation IST Austria
Abstract: We present an approach that enables robots to self-organize their sensorimotor behavior from scratch without providing specific information about neither the robot nor its environment. This is achieved by a simple neural control law that increases the consistency between external sensor dynamics and internal neural dynamics of the utterly simple controller. In this way, the embodiment and the agent-environment coupling are the only source of individual development. We show how an anthropomorphic tendon driven arm-shoulder system develops different behaviors depending on that coupling. For instance: Given a bottle half-filled with water, the arm starts to shake it, driven by the physical response of the water. When attaching a brush, the arm can be manipulated into wiping a table, and when connected to a revolvable wheel it finds out how to rotate it. Thus, the robot may be said to discover the affordances of the world. When allowing two (simulated) humanoid robots to interact physically, they engage into a joint behavior development leading to, for instance, spontaneous cooperation. More social effects are observed if the robots can visually perceive each other. Although, as an observer, it is tempting to attribute an apparent intentionality, there is nothing of the kind put in. As a conclusion, we argue that emergent behavior may be much less rooted in explicit intentions, internal motivations, or specific reward systems than is commonly believed.
Conference Title: ICDL EpiRob: International Conference on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics
Conference Dates: September 19 - 22, 2016
Conference Location: Cergy-Pontoise, France
ISBN: 978-150905069-7
Publisher: IEEE  
Date Published: 2017-02-07
Start Page: 49
End Page: 56
DOI: 10.1109/DEVLRN.2016.7846789
Open access: no
IST Austria Authors