Identification and characterization of novel auxin-cytokinin cross-talk components Dissertation Thesis

Author(s): Hurny, Andrej
Advisor(s): Benková, Eva
Committee Chair(s): Siekhaus, Daria
Committee Member(s): Bennett, Malcolm; Friml, Jiří
Title: Identification and characterization of novel auxin-cytokinin cross-talk components
Affiliation IST Austria
Abstract: The whole life cycle of plants as well as their responses to environmental stimuli is governed by a complex network of hormonal regulations. A number of studies have demonstrated an essential role of both auxin and cytokinin in the regulation of many aspects of plant growth and development including embryogenesis, postembryonic organogenic processes such as root, and shoot branching, root and shoot apical meristem activity and phyllotaxis. Over the last decades essential knowledge on the key molecular factors and pathways that spatio-temporally define auxin and cytokinin activities in the plant body has accumulated. However, how both hormonal pathways are interconnected by a complex network of interactions and feedback circuits that determines the final outcome of the individual hormone actions is still largely unknown. Root system architecture establishment and in particular formation of lateral organs is prime example of developmental process at whose regulation both auxin and cytokinin pathways converge. To dissect convergence points and pathways that tightly balance auxin - cytokinin antagonistic activities that determine the root branching pattern transcriptome profiling was applied. Genome wide expression analyses of the xylem pole pericycle, a tissue giving rise to lateral roots, led to identification of genes that are highly responsive to combinatorial auxin and cytokinin treatments and play an essential function in the auxin-cytokinin regulated root branching. SYNERGISTIC AUXIN CYTOKININ 1 (SYAC1) gene, which encodes for a protein of unknown function, was detected among the top candidate genes of which expression was synergistically up-regulated by simultaneous hormonal treatment. Plants with modulated SYAC1 activity exhibit severe defects in the root system establishment and attenuate developmental responses to both auxin and cytokinin. To explore the biological function of the SYAC1, we employed different strategies including expression pattern analysis, subcellular localization and phenotypic analyses of the syac1 loss-of-function and gain-of-function transgenic lines along with the identification of the SYAC1 interaction partners. Detailed functional characterization revealed that SYAC1 acts as a developmentally specific regulator of the secretory pathway to control deposition of cell wall components and thereby rapidly fine tune elongation growth.
Publication Title: IST Dissertation
Degree Granting Institution: IST Austria  
Degree Date: 2018-01-01
Start Page: 1
Total Pages: 160
Copyright Statement: CC BY. Chapter 1: Methodological Advances in Auxin and Cytokinin Biology is excepted from the Creative Commons License Attribution assigned to the dissertation. This chapter is adapted and modified from 'Hurný A., Benková E. (2017) Methodological Advances in Auxin and Cytokinin Biology. In: Dandekar T., Naseem M. (eds) Auxins and Cytokinins in Plant Biology. Methods in Molecular Biology, vol 1569. Humana Press, New York, NY' and under the license: © Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017
DOI: 10.15479/AT:ISTA:th_930
Open access: yes (repository)