Optimized whole mount in situ immunolocalization for Arabidopsis thaliana root meristems and lateral root primordia Book Section


Author(s): Karampelias, Michael; Tejos, Ricardo; Friml, Jiří; Vanneste, Steffen
Article/Chapter Title: Optimized whole mount in situ immunolocalization for Arabidopsis thaliana root meristems and lateral root primordia
Title Series: Methods in Molecular Biology
Affiliation IST Austria
Abstract: Immunolocalization is a valuable tool for cell biology research that allows to rapidly determine the localization and expression levels of endogenous proteins. In plants, whole-mount in situ immunolocalization remains a challenging method, especially in tissues protected by waxy layers and complex cell wall carbohydrates. Here, we present a robust method for whole-mount in situ immunolocalization in primary root meristems and lateral root primordia in Arabidopsis thaliana. For good epitope preservation, fixation is done in an alkaline paraformaldehyde/glutaraldehyde mixture. This fixative is suitable for detecting a wide range of proteins, including integral transmembrane proteins and proteins peripherally attached to the plasma membrane. From initiation until emergence from the primary root, lateral root primordia are surrounded by several layers of differentiated tissues with a complex cell wall composition that interferes with the efficient penetration of all buffers. Therefore, immunolocalization in early lateral root primordia requires a modified method, including a strong solvent treatment for removal of hydrophobic barriers and a specific cocktail of cell wall-degrading enzymes. The presented method allows for easy, reliable, and high-quality in situ detection of the subcellular localization of endogenous proteins in primary and lateral root meristems without the need of time-consuming crosses or making translational fusions to fluorescent proteins.
Keywords: Arabidopsis; in situ immunolocalization; lateral root primordia
Book Title: Root Development. Methods and Protocols
Volume: 1761
ISBN: 1940-6029
Publisher: Springer  
Date Published: 2018-03-11
Start Page: 131
End Page: 143
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7747-5_10
Open access: no