Evolutionary pathways for the generation of new self-incompatibility haplotypes in a non-self recognition system Journal Article

Author(s): Bodova, Katarina; Priklopil, Tadeus; Field, David L; Barton, Nicholas H; Pickup, Melinda
Article Title: Evolutionary pathways for the generation of new self-incompatibility haplotypes in a non-self recognition system
Affiliation IST Austria
Abstract: Self-incompatibility (SI) is a genetically based recognition system that functions to prevent self-fertilization and mating among related plants. An enduring puzzle in SI is how the high diversity observed in nature arises and is maintained. Based on the underlying recognition mechanism, SI can be classified into two main groups: self- and non-self recognition. Most work has focused on diversification within self-recognition systems despite expected differences between the two groups in the evolutionary pathways and outcomes of diversification. Here, we use a deterministic population genetic model and stochastic simulations to investigate how novel S-haplotypes evolve in a gametophytic non-self recognition (SRNase/S Locus F-box (SLF)) SI system. For this model the pathways for diversification involve either the maintenance or breakdown of SI and can vary in the order of mutations of the female (SRNase) and male (SLF) components. We show analytically that diversification can occur with high inbreeding depression and self-pollination, but this varies with evolutionary pathway and level of completeness (which determines the number of potential mating partners in the population), and in general is more likely for lower haplotype number. The conditions for diversification are broader in stochastic simulations of finite population size. However, the number of haplotypes observed under high inbreeding and moderate to high self-pollination is less than that commonly observed in nature. Diversification was observed through pathways that maintain SI as well as through self-compatible intermediates. Yet the lifespan of diversified haplotypes was sensitive to their level of completeness. By examining diversification in a non-self recognition SI system, this model extends our understanding of the evolution and maintenance of haplotype diversity observed in a self recognition system common in flowering plants.
Keywords: Self-incompatability, diversification, balancing, selection, inbreeding depression, S-locus F-box, Srnase
Journal Title: Genetics
ISSN: 0016-6731
Publisher: Genetics Society of America  
Date Published: 2018-04-30
DOI: 10.1534/genetics.118.300748
Open access: no