Electromagnetic fields and optomechanics In cancer diagnostics and treatment Journal Article

Author(s): Salari, Vahid; Barzanjeh, Shabir; Cifra, Michal; Simon, Christoph; Scholkmann, Felix; Alirezaei, Zahra; Tuszynski, Jack A
Article Title: Electromagnetic fields and optomechanics In cancer diagnostics and treatment
Affiliation IST Austria
Abstract: In this paper, we discuss biological effects of electromagnetic (EM) fields in the context of cancer biology. In particular, we review the nanomechanical properties of microtubules (MTs), the latter being one of the most successful targets for cancer therapy. We propose an investigation on the coupling of electromagnetic radiation to mechanical vibrations of MTs as an important basis for biological and medical applications. In our opinion, optomechanical methods can accurately monitor and control the mechanical properties of isolated MTs in a liquid environment. Consequently, studying nanomechanical properties of MTs may give useful information for future applications to diagnostic and therapeutic technologies involving non-invasive externally applied physical fields. For example, electromagnetic fields or high intensity ultrasound can be used therapeutically avoiding harmful side effects of chemotherapeutic agents or classical radiation therapy.
Keywords: Cancer; microtubule; Electromagnetic fields; Diagnostic; Optomechanics; Treatment
Journal Title: Frontiers in Bioscience - Landmark
Volume: 23
Issue 8
ISSN: 10939946
Publisher: Frontiers in Bioscience  
Date Published: 2018-03-01
Start Page: 1391
End Page: 1406
Notes: The work of SB has been supported by the European Unions Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Sklodowska Curie grant agreement No MSC-IF 707438 SUPEREOM. JAT gratefully acknowledges funding support from NSERC (Canada) for his research. MC acknowledges support from the Czech Science Foundation, projects 15-17102S and 17-11898S and he participates in COST Action BM1309, CA15211 and bilateral exchange project between Czech and Slovak Academies of Sciences, SAV-15-22.
Open access: no