Bose–Einstein condensation in a dilute, trapped gas at positive temperature Journal Article


Author(s): Deuchert, Andreas; Seiringer, Robert; Yngvason, Jakob
Article Title: Bose–Einstein condensation in a dilute, trapped gas at positive temperature
Affiliation IST Austria
Abstract: We consider an interacting, dilute Bose gas trapped in a harmonic potential at a positive temperature. The system is analyzed in a combination of a thermodynamic and a Gross–Pitaevskii (GP) limit where the trap frequency ω, the temperature T, and the particle number N are related by N∼ (T/ ω) 3→ ∞ while the scattering length is so small that the interaction energy per particle around the center of the trap is of the same order of magnitude as the spectral gap in the trap. We prove that the difference between the canonical free energy of the interacting gas and the one of the noninteracting system can be obtained by minimizing the GP energy functional. We also prove Bose–Einstein condensation in the following sense: The one-particle density matrix of any approximate minimizer of the canonical free energy functional is to leading order given by that of the noninteracting gas but with the free condensate wavefunction replaced by the GP minimizer.
Journal Title: Communications in Mathematical Physics
ISSN: 1432-0916
Publisher: Springer  
Date Published: 2018-08-30
Start Page: epub ahead of print
Copyright Statement: CC BY 4.0
DOI: 10.1007/s00220-018-3239-0
Open access: yes (OA journal)
IST Austria Authors
  1. Robert Seiringer
    123 Seiringer
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